Figure 2: Microscopic illustration of colonic tissue in rats. (A) Sham group, normal tissue treated with normal saline/tween (5 mL/kg); (B) colitis control tissue, treated with normal saline/tween (5 mL/kg), which shows lack of epithelium, crypt damage, edema, and inflammation; (C) colitis treated with SOEE (60 mg/kg), epithelium healing occurred; (D) colitis treated with SOMP (150 mg/kg), epithelium healing occurred; (E) colitis treated with mesalamine (100 mg/kg); (F) colitis treated with dexamethasone (1 mg/kg). All images were ×40 magnified. Blue arrows indicate intact or regenerated epithelium; black arrows, crypts status; green arrows, edema; yellow arrows, inflammation status. SOEE, Salvia officinalis ethanolic extract; SOMP, Salvia officinalis methanolic partition.